The Constitution of 3 May 1791 is today regarded as one of the milestones in the history of Poland. This document, the first of its kind in Europe, was intended to thoroughly reform the state and prevent its ultimate partition by Prussia, Russia and Austria. Although the Constitution did not stop the partitioners from their intentions, it made a great impression outside Poland, as evidenced by numerous translations of the document into other languages - including German. Find out more from the texts and illustrations below. We also invite you to download a free e-book about the Constitution by Richard Butterwick (available in German) from our website.