The Second Polish Republic is a traditional name for the Polish state that existed after Poland regained its independence in 1918. In the minds of many Poles, the Second Republic ceased to exist with the German invasion of 1939. Historians, on the other hand, believe that it happened only in 1945, when World War II and the German occupation came to an end, the victorious allies changed the Polish borders, and the communists took power in the country. Today, there is a feeling that the Second Republic is a different, lost world, with which Poles have lost connection. Preserved newsreels remind us of everyday life in those times. We invite you to watch short recordings, which show what occupied Poles in the late 1930s in the shadow of the imminent invasion of Nazi Germany. The materials, in Polish with German subtitles, are available courtesy of the National Film Archive – Audiovisual Institute, and were selected by Dr. Martin Faber of the Albrecht-Ludwig University in Freiburg.